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Until recently, two professions, medical and engineering, were of great importance. When girls were asked, they expressed their desire to become doctors and boys to become engineers. Although girls are now entering other professions, medicine still holds its place. Majority of female medical students who graduate and go on to become doctors never actively participate in the medical workforce after marriage. According to the statistics in Pakistan, approximately 85,000 female doctors who have earned their MBBS degrees are currently not in practice. The world is about to enter 2023 but we are still stuck in the same debate whether girls should work after marriage or not. 

Reasons to pursue career in medicine: 

There are numerous reasons why girls choose to work in medicine. First off, mostly women prefer to be treated by female doctors, so it is crucial that girls enter this field. Secondly, this profession is considered respectable and safe for girls. The tendency to become a doctor is strong in some families. The fact that their mother, father, brother, or sister are all doctors is another reason why some girls choose this line of work. It is common knowledge that children who grow up with access to both material and intellectual resources have a higher likelihood of leading successful adult lives than those who don’t. 

Some individuals believe that this profession offers more opportunities for financial gain. You can join a private clinic or hospital, even if you work for the government, you are able to open your own clinic or run a hospital. There is also the theory that people prefer to visit female doctors because they are typically kind and sensitive, emotionally stable, and caring by nature. Compared to their male counterparts, they have better patient connections. Patients and their families look up to doctors with love, hope, and awe because they have the ability to end physical suffering and even bring the dead back to life. This, along with the fact that many doctors especially female physicians go above and beyond what is required of them, makes medicine a truly noble profession. 

Being a doctor is also a source of pride in the society. Some girls and parents also believe that doctor girls face no issue in finding a good match. This is undoubtedly not a new phenomenon, as many critics have identified the numerous reasons why many women are encouraged to pursue careers in medicine in order to improve their social standing and receive marriage proposals. Being a doctor entitles you to become a member of selective community. Medical field is also fascinating. There are undoubtedly millions of reasons beyond those mentioned here to pursue a career in medicine and become a doctor. The real issue, however, arises after that. 

Obsession for the Doctor Bahu: 

Just as parents want their daughter to become a doctor, some families and boys desire a doctor as a future spouse. This desire has many justifications. Their standing in the community rises. The doctor daughter-in-law is proudly introduced to the family. They believed that having a doctor in the house would allow for effective treatment of routine medical emergencies without the need to rush to the emergency room. 

The boy wants to marry a doctor if he is a doctor as well. He wants the two of them to work together. Additionally, it raises his reputation and honor. You are in a good position to share the admiration and love that people are likely to have for your partner because you are married to a doctor. You understand that your spouse has the ability to significantly impact the life and wellbeing of another person. For a husband, this is a source of great pride. 

In some families, the issue of wanting a doctor bahu but objecting to her employment, arises. Such attitudes are prevalent not only traditional and primitive thinkers but also among many families who appear to be modern and educated and believe that a girl’s primary responsibilities are her home and her children. Cultural norms favor the doctor bahu but forbid them from holding a professional position in their field. 

Doctor bride phenomenon: 

Despite recent advancements, Pakistan’s female labor participation rate remains at 25%. This is noticeably lower when compared to countries with comparable gross national income per capita. Despite the fact that between 80 and 85 percent of students in Pakistan’s medical colleges are female. There are only 44% women among those who have registered with the Pakistan Medical and Dental Council (PMDC). The majority of women in Pakistan enter the medical field solely to improve their chances of getting married; this phenomenon is known as the doctor bride phenomenon. We also cannot deny the dedication to service. This industry provides numerous opportunities to help people. Mostly women enter the medical field, but they are unable to practice once they get married. 

An impediment to a female continuing her medical career: 

The medical field is demanding. It’s not just that it involves saving a human life; it also deals with to take care of the sick, deal with emergencies, etc. In addition to caring for their patients, female doctors must also look after their families. Many doctors have an unspoken preference to wed other doctors because they will be more understanding of their professional struggles. However, some adamantly family-oriented individuals who take traditional family roles seriously might not want to marry a doctor purely from a professional standpoint. However, many boys are under parental pressure, who desires a doctor wife for their physician son.  

Whether or not the girl will be permitted to work is one issue. The other is, women currently make up 70% of the student body in Pakistan’s medical colleges. After graduation, only 50% of them go on to work as professionals. According to research, within six years of finishing their residencies, nearly 40% of female physicians switch to a part-time schedule or quit practicing altogether. A girl spends more than ten years of her life honing a skill, but she is unable to continue it after marriage or chooses to work in any other sector like education. 

Physician shortage due to lack of female doctors: 

In this case, the boys’ rights are violated because they are denied admission to the medical college because of these girls. In a nation where there are only 0.83 doctors for every 1,000 people, it is widely acknowledged that the lack of female doctors is the main factor contributing to the overall physician shortage. 

Structural barriers: 

 However, several women thought that their inability to practice medicine worsens after marriage, which is understandable given the obligations and unforeseen that marriage can bring. No mother would ever want to leave her child behind. No one else can raise a child the way a mother can. Faced with these structural obstacles, women frequently decide against pursuing careers. Not because they want to, but rather because they have to. The solution is to remove the structural barriers that exist in medicine for women. By raising the salaries of trainee physicians and provide facilities for women like flexible work schedules and daycare centers, it is possible for women to continue working and practicing after getting married.